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Use your gut instinctsOne of the best ways to improve your speaking is to learn from good speeches.

Over the years I’ve developed my own down-and-dirty methodology for evaluating speeches. There are more sophisticated ways to assess a speech’s merits, mind you. But this one works for me. It may work for you.

One caveat: I’m talking about how to analyze a speech for your own edification, not how to give someone else feedback about their speaking.

Step One: Trust Your Gut Instincts

Pay attention to your feelings during and immediately following a speech.

I’m talking about a simple appraisal of your visceral response that allows for only one of three possibilities:

  1. Love it!
  2. Hate it!
  3. Totally indifferent.

Or, put more simply, yay, nay, or bleh.

Don’t universalize your reactions. I’ve loved speeches that other people have hated. And people have raved about speeches that have left me cold. The same is probably true for you.

Be aware of your general emotional state. Sometimes our feelings have nothing to do with the speech itself. We may be in a foul mood to begin with—it happens—or preoccupied, depressed, or disengaged. In those cases, don’t blame the speaker.

Simply notice and accept your emotional reaction. Trust your feelings, your intuition, to provide useful information.

Continue Reading…

Learn from, but don't imitate another speaker.The worst piece of advice anyone can give you—about speaking, at least—begins with the phrase, “Here’s what I would do, if I were you…”

You can learn from watching and analyzing masterful speakers. But don’t imitate them.

Some of my favorite speakers—people I consider masters of the craft—are casual and conversational. Some are heady and professorial. Some have a dry wit. Some use no humor at all. Some have a flat, almost deadpan delivery. Some are animated, bordering on melodramatic.

The only thing they have in common is this: they are completely, distinctly, unapologetically themselves.

Bob Newhart, the comedian known for his deadpan delivery and for playing the “straight man” surrounded by bizarre cast members and even more bizarre events, told an interviewer about one of his most frustrating professional experiences. A guest director for the long-running Bob Newhart Show kept pressing him to speed up his delivery and show more emotion. Finally, in exasperation he said, “Look, I do Bob Newhart That’s what I do. And that’s all I do.”

Study speakers you admire. Analyze how they look and sound in front of an audience. Join Toastmasters. Take a public speaking course. Maybe even work with a coach. But never do anyone other than yourself.

Your task is to work out how to bring your best self to your speeches and presentations.


Christopher Witt —  July 24, 2013


The Rule of St. Benedict, a book of precepts written 1,500 years ago by Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally, begins with that simple word: Listen.

The entire phrase is “Listen and incline the ear of your heart…”

Listening is a good way to begin just about any venture, not just a book of precepts.

Listening is about paying attention…in a certain way, with a certain attitude, and a certain commitment. It’s about paying attention or, as Benedict writes, “inclining the ear of your heart.”

What makes it so difficult to listen with the ear of our heart?

The Enthronement of the Ego

Ego is the part of us that thinks we’re in charge of our identities, our lives, our fates. Left to its own devices, the ego thinks we’re in charge—or should be—of other people and of the universe itself. Ego is a little god, a tyrant, a spoiled child.

Ego is about being in control.

It requires constant vigilance and aggression, since so many things (our own inner conflicts), events, and people keep asserting themselves. And, because control is an illusion, the ego requires a great deal of denial.

When we listen with the ear of our ego, we hear only what we want to hear and disregard the rest.

We listen to confirm what we already know and believe and value, never allowing ourselves to learn something new, to be challenged, or to change.

The heart (sometimes called the self or the soul) is the place where the intellect and emotions, thoughts and desires, dreams and aspirations, meet. It’s the wider, deeper self that can’t be strictly confined, that doesn’t define its individuality as different from and in opposition to others.

When we listen with the heart, we let go of the pretense that we’re in charge of ourselves, must less of others. We let go of our agenda and expectations. And we open ourselves, well, to who knows what.

(The author Steve Pressfied has a related piece, The Ego and the Self, that is well worth reading. And, while you’re at it, you might want to check out his book, The War of Art.)

The Need for Speed

We’re all busy. We’re always behind. So the natural response is to speed up.

And all our efforts to do more with less only confirm the Red Queen’s maxim: “It takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place.”

Many activities can be sped up, but listening isn’t one of them.

The only way to hurry listening is to hurry other people—to interrupt them, to convey our impatience, to ask them to cut to the chase—which isn’t listening at all.

To listen with the heart, we have to slow down.

The Primacy of Action

Because there’s so much to do and so little time, it’s no wonder that action gets such high marks. Just don’t sit there, we’re told, do something.

Listening is, of course, doing something.

Listening is an action, but it doesn’t look like it. It looks passive.

To listen with the ear of the heart, we have to keep the ego at bay. We have to tune out distractions. And we have to pay attention to all the ways people communicate (by words and omissions, silence, facial expressions, gestures, posture). That’s all hard work, but it’s the antithesis of mindless action.

To listen and incline the ear of the heart and who knows what you might learn, what other people might say, what might happen.

You can take the listening quiz and test your listening skills.


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